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. stephen ostroff: cdc functions as the doctor for the community or for the public at large, and so we monitor health status in a much broader sense. our job is to watch the health of the american public, and when we see disturbances in the health of the american public, when we see diseases, our job is to try to figure out why they occur and how to both control them-- but more importantly, to prevent them. people often ask why this large public agency is located in atlanta instead of the nation's capital. we are the only major government agency that is not headquartered in washington, dc, and both the fact that we're not in washington as well as the date that we were established, tells you something about our history. in 1946, troops were returning home from europe and the pacific after world war ii. the joy of their return was tempered by public health concerns about what might be arriving with them. would their homecoming also reintroduce diseases that had been erased from the national scene? in the southeastern part of the united states, up until well into the 20th century, this wa
, explorer john lloyd stephens wrote, "standing as they do "in the depth of a tropical forest, "silent and solemn, "their whole history so entirely unknown..." "with hieroglyphics explaining all, "but perfectly unintelligible. "who shall read them ?" could anyone read these odd markings ? for more than a century, they tried. but the story of the maya people, if these glyphs could reveal it, remained locked in stone. had the maya recorded their history ? many ancient people who used writing did not. in fact, writing was first used for a very different purpose. around 8000 b.c., the world's earliest farmers had settled in mesopotamia, a region of the middle east that includes iraq and iran. in their hands, desert became rich farmland, as iigation agriculture was born. the people bartered for goods and paid taxes. record-keeping was begun, with goods represented by abstract tokens. these led to writing, according to denise schmandt-besserat, professor of mid-eastern studies. schmandt-besserat: each of these shapes was meaningful. the cone probably stood for a unit of grain, a small unit o
stephen graham who wrote "cities under siege: the new military urbanism." he spoke last november on "democracy now!" describing the level of equipment out sensible to police departments in the united states. >> there's been a longstanding shift in north america and europe toward para militarize policing using helicopter-style systems, using infrared sensors, using really, really heavy militarized weaponry. that has been longstanding fuelled by the war on drugs and other sort of explicit campaigns. more recently, there has been a big push since the end of the cold war by the big defense and security and i.t. companies to sell things like video surveillance systems, things like geographic mapping systems, and even more recently, drone systems that are being used in the assassination raids in afghanistan and pakistan and elsewhere. >> that is stephen graham, author of, "cities under siege: the new military urbanism." your final comment? expressing weaponization in the way we live. policing is one of the most obvious and current examples in that. i would suggest the pervasive develop
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